Your plumbing system has an expiration date. Where that date falls largely depends on when your home was built, whether the plumbing has ever been upgraded, and how well –or poorly—the system was maintained. What is Your Plumbing Made Of? Today, many older Houston homes, like those in our Montrose and Heights neighborhoods—that still have galvanized steel plumbing—find themselves up against that expiration date now. So do the folks whose homes were built in the late 1970s and early 1980s and were outfitted with the first PVC plumbing systems. Homes that were built or re-piped using copper or PEX supply lines tend to have fewer catastrophic failures due to the age of the pipe. More commonly, issues that develop with copper or PEX lines result from poor installation procedures. While it may not be possible to prevent all severe plumbing problems, being proactive as a homeowner can help detect minor plumbing problems while they can still be repaired—or more significant issues that require immediate attention. Signs Your Plumbing May Be in Trouble. Slow Draining. Hair and soap scum can build up over time in shower and bathtub drains, creating clogs and restricting water flow. In kitchen sinks, food particles, grease, and oils can accumulate in the pipes, causing clogs and slowing drainage. Foreign objects like jewelry, toys, or hygiene products can get caught in the ”P” in sink or tub drains or the “S” trap at the bottom of the toilet, creating an obstruction and resulting in slow draining. Over time, mineral deposits from hard water can build up on the pipe walls, reducing the diameter of the pipe and restricting water flow. Sewer lines can be infiltrated by tree roots growing around the pipe, eventually constricting it enough to cause cracks that allow the roots to enter the pipe, leaving less room for water flow. You can try DIY methods like plungers or drain snakes to address slow drains to break up minor clogs. More stubborn blockages are going to require intervention from a professional plumbing company. Experienced plumbing technicians can diagnose the underlying issue, use specialized tools to clear the blockage, and recommend preventative measures to avoid drainage issues. Regular drain maintenance, such as using sink drain strainers and avoiding pouring cooking grease down the drain, will also aid in keeping drains flowing freely. Clogged Toilets. Using too much toilet paper in a single flush can overwhelm the toilet’s drain and trap, leading to a clog. This is especially common with thick or high-ply toilet paper. Flushing items other than human waste and toilet paper can create clogged toilet problems. Paper towels, wipes, cotton balls, feminine hygiene products, and even small toys often find their way into our toilets, accidentally getting flushed into our plumbing systems. Preventing toilet clogs is as easy as using the toilet only for its intended purpose and avoiding flushing those non-flushable items. Attempting to use a plunger at the first sign of a clog can often resolve minor blockages. With persistent or severe clogs, it is best to seek the help of a professional plumber who can identify the root cause and provide the proper repair. Regular maintenance, appropriate usage, and timely toilet repairs can help keep your toilet and plumbing system in good condition. Low Water Pressure. Low water pressure in residential plumbing can be caused by various factors, ranging from simple issues that you can address yourself to more complex problems that may require the expertise of a professional plumber. If the water pressure is low in specific fixtures—for example, a single faucet or showerhead—check if the shut-off valves are fully open. Sometimes, valves may be partially closed, restricting water flow. Mineral deposits can accumulate in the aerators (on faucets) or showerheads, reducing water flow. Cleaning, removing, and soaking these components in vinegar can often resolve the issue. Hidden leaks in the plumbing system can lead to reduced water pressure. Leaking pipes waste water and can lower pressure in other parts of the house. Over time, pipes can corrode and develop mineral deposits, restricting water flow and causing low water pressure. Older plumbing systems may have deteriorated pipes that limit water flow and cause low water pressure. Problems with the water meter or the main shut-off valve can reduce water pressure throughout the house. If you are experiencing consistently low water pressure or cannot identify the cause, contacting a professional plumber is best to assess the issue. A plumber can diagnose the problem and recommend the appropriate solution to restore adequate water pressure in your home. Leaking Pipes. Residential plumbing pipes can develop leaks for various reasons, and identifying the underlying cause is essential for timely repairs and preventing further damage. Over time, metal pipes, such as galvanized steel or copper, can corrode due to exposure to water and minerals. Corrosion weakens the pipe’s integrity, leading to pinhole leaks or more significant breaches. The joints where pipes connect can be vulnerable to leaks, especially if they were not properly installed or have aged over time. The quality of water running through the pipes can contribute to pipe deterioration. Water with a high mineral content or acidity can accelerate pipe corrosion. Regular use and age can cause wear and tear on plumbing pipes, making them more susceptible to leaks. Exposure to harsh chemicals or substances can corrode pipes and lead to leaks. A shift in the foundation of a building can cause stress on pipes, leading to leaks or breaks. It’s essential to address plumbing leaks promptly, as they can cause water damage, mold growth, and higher utility bills. If you notice signs of a leak, such as damp spots, water stains, or increased water bills, it’s best to consult a professional plumber. A plumber can locate the leak’s source, assess the damage’s extent, and provide the necessary repairs or replacements to ensure your plumbing system functions properly. Leaking or Failing Plumbing Fixtures. Leaking or failing plumbing fixtures can indicate various issues within your plumbing system. Identifying the cause of the problem is crucial to addressing it promptly and preventing further damage. A leaking faucet typically means a worn-out or faulty internal washer, O-ring, or cartridge. It can waste a significant amount of water and may lead to higher water bills. Addressing faucet leaks promptly can help conserve water and prevent further damage to the fixture. Leaks from the showerhead can be caused by loose connections, worn-out washers, or mineral deposits blocking the openings. A leaking showerhead can also lead to water wastage and reduced water pressure during showers. A leaking toilet can be caused by various factors, such as a faulty flapper, flush valve, or fill valve. Toilet leaks can be silent and go unnoticed, but they can waste substantial water, leading to higher water bills. They may also cause water damage to the bathroom floor or subfloor. Leaking pipes within the walls or under the sink can lead to water damage, mold growth, and structural issues. Corroded or damaged pipe joints, loose connections, or deterioration often cause dripping pipes. A leaking garbage disposal can indicate worn-out seals or damaged components. It can damage the cabinet under the sink and affect nearby plumbing connections if not addressed. Leaks in the hoses connected to the washing machine can cause water damage to the surrounding area. Inspecting and replacing these hoses periodically can prevent sudden failures and potential flooding. A faulty pressure relief valve, corrosion, or a failing tank may cause a leaking water heater. Water heater leaks can lead to water damage and pose safety hazards. Visible corrosion or rust on plumbing fixtures can indicate deterioration over time. Corrosion weakens the fixtures, making them more prone to leaks or complete failure. Water stains on walls, ceilings, or floors and the presence of mold or mildew could be signs of leaking plumbing fixtures or pipes. If you notice any signs of leaking or failing plumbing fixtures, it’s crucial to address the issue promptly. Contact a professional plumber to diagnose the problem, perform necessary repairs or replacements, and ensure your plumbing system is in good working condition. Timely intervention can help prevent further damage, water wastage, and potential safety issues in your home. Unpleasant Odors. Unpleasant odors emanating from your plumbing can indicate various issues within your plumbing system. The most common cause of foul odors from plumbing is a sewer gas leak. Sewer gas is a mixture of methane, hydrogen sulfide, and ammonia, which can be harmful if inhaled. A sewer gas leak can occur due to dried-out plumbing traps, damaged or leaking sewer pipes, or improper venting. If you smell a rotten egg or sulfur-like odor, it’s likely due to sewer gas. Accumulated organic matter and debris in clogged drains can produce foul smells. Kitchen sink drains, bathroom sink drains, shower drains, and floor drains are susceptible to clogging and may emit unpleasant odors if not cleared promptly. Food particles and organic waste can get trapped in the garbage disposal, leading to foul odors. Regularly cleaning and maintaining the garbage disposal can help prevent foul smells. A sewage backup in your plumbing system can cause foul odors to emanate from drains, toilets, or sinks. It may indicate a clog or blockage in the main sewer line or a problem with the municipal sewer system. Bacteria can thrive in stagnant water within your plumbing system, creating unpleasant smells. Stagnant water can occur in unused or infrequently used fixtures, such as guest bathrooms or infrequently used drains. Moisture within your plumbing system can lead to mold or mildew growth, resulting in musty odors. Leaky pipes, improperly sealed fixtures, or high bathroom humidity can contribute to mold or mildew growth. If you detect unpleasant odors from your plumbing, it’s essential to promptly investigate and address the cause. Ignoring foul odors can lead to health hazards, water damage, and potential plumbing emergencies. Noisy Pipes. If your plumbing system makes banging, rattling, or whistling noises when using water fixtures, it may indicate loose pipes or high water pressure. These issues can lead to pipe damage if not addressed. Noisy pipes in a plumbing system can be annoying and may indicate underlying issues that require attention. The sounds you hear vary; different causes can create other noises. Water hammer occurs when water suddenly stops or changes direction in the pipes, causing a loud banging noise. It typically happens when a fast-closing valve, like a toilet or washing machine valve, shuts off quickly. A water hammer can stress the pipes and fittings, leading to potential damage over time. Pipes that are not adequately secured can vibrate and rattle against walls, floor joists, or other nearby structures when water flows through them. This loose movement causes a knocking or rattling noise. Excessively high water pressure can cause noise in the plumbing system. The high pressure can create turbulence in the pipes, resulting in whistling or vibrating sounds. Water flowing through narrow or partially blocked pipes can create a high-velocity flow that generates noise. This is often heard as a whistling or rushing sound. Sediment buildup in the water heater tank can cause rumbling or popping noises when the unit is heating water. The sediment interferes with the heating process and can lead to reduced efficiency and potential damage to the water heater. Air trapped in the pipes can create gurgling or bubbling noises when water flows through them. This can occur after plumbing repairs or if a leak allows air to enter the system. Temperature changes can cause pipes to expand and contract. This thermal movement can produce creaking or popping noises, notably in unsecured pipes. To address noisy pipes, it’s essential to identify the specific cause. If you’re unsure of the cause or unable to resolve the issue yourself, consider contacting a professional plumber. A plumber can inspect your plumbing system, diagnose the problem, and provide appropriate solutions to eliminate the noise and prevent potential damage to your plumbing system. Running Toilet. A toilet that runs continuously, even after flushing, indicates a problem with the flush valve, fill valve, or flapper. This can waste a significant amount of water and should be repaired promptly. An endlessly running toilet, also known as a “running toilet” or “phantom flusher,” is a common plumbing issue that wastes significant water and increases water bills. The most common cause of a running toilet is a faulty flapper. The flapper is a rubber or plastic seal at the bottom of the toilet tank that lifts when you flush, allowing water to flow into the bowl. If the flapper is worn, warped, or doesn’t create a proper seal, water can leak from the tank into the bowl, leading to a constant refill of the tank. Misaligned or tangled flapper chains can prevent the flapper from closing properly, causing the toilet to run. The chain should have just enough slack to allow the flapper to close fully after each flush. If your toilet has a ball float or a cup float mechanism, it can also fail and not stop the water flow when the tank is full, leading to continuous running. If the water level in the tank is set too high, it may overflow into the overflow tube, causing a constant refill. Sediment or mineral buildup in the fill valve or flapper can prevent them from working correctly, leading to a running toilet. A faulty or worn fill valve can fail to shut off the water flow properly after a flush, resulting in continuous water filling the tank. Running toilets is one of the few plumbing issues where we encourage our customers to take a crack at a little do-it-yourself (DIY) plumbing. Depending on your toilet’s symptoms, try one of these tips to see if you can solve your running toilet issue without professional assistance. Check the flapper for signs of wear and tear and ensure it creates a proper seal.Adjust the flapper chain to have the right amount of slack.Check the float ball or cup to ensure they function correctly.Clean any sediment or mineral deposits from the fill valve and flapper.Adjust the water level in the tank to the appropriate level. If the issue persists or you need help proceeding, it’s best to contact a professional plumber. They can diagnose the problem accurately and make the necessary repairs to stop your toilet from running endlessly. From Faucets to Full Systems, Nick’s Plumbing Has What You Need! Don’t let plumbing problems disrupt your peace of mind and waste your time and resources. Our experienced and licensed plumbing experts are ready to provide efficient and reliable repairs to get your plumbing system back to perfect working order. Whether it’s a leaking faucet, a clogged drain, a running toilet, or any other plumbing issue, Nick’s Plumbing has got you covered! Nick’s priority is to ensure your home’s plumbing functions flawlessly, so you can focus on the things that matter most to you. When you suspect a potentially serious plumbing issue, don’t hesitate to call us today, and let us handle all your plumbing repair needs.